Documents

Have you ever considered the extent of plastic pollution? 

Do you want to be updated with more information, researches, and startling numbers of this problem to encourage family members and friends to take actions together? 

Let’s look through our document sources to read more articles, reports and investigate more thoroughly into plastic pollution.

Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean

"Plastic debris in the marine environment is widely documented, but the quantity of plastic entering the ocean from waste generated on land is unknown. By linking worldwide data on solid waste, population density, and economic status, we estimated the mass of land-based plastic waste entering the ocean."

An anthropogenic marker horizon in the future rock record

"Recognition of increasing plastic debris pollution over the last several decades has led to investigations of the imminent dangers posed to marine organisms and their ecosystems, but very little is known about the preservation potential of plastics in the rock record. "Here, we report the appearance of a new “stone” formed through intermingling of melted plastic, beach sediment, basaltic lava fragments, and organic debris from Kamilo Beach on the island of Hawaii. The material, herein referred to as “plastiglomerate,” is divided into in situ and clastic types that were distributed over all areas of the beach."

Single-use plastics: A roadmap for sustainability

Tackling plastics polution-one of the biggest environmental scourges of our time will require governments to regulate, businesses to innovate and individuals to act. This paper sets out the latest thinking on how we can achieve this. It looks at what governments, businesses and individuals have achieved at national and sub-national levels to curb the consumption of single-use plastics. It offers lessons that may be useful for policymakers who are considering regulating the production and use of single-use plastics.

A toolkit for a plastics-free future

Greenpeace, alongside numerous other organizations in the #BreakFreeFromPlastic movement, are calling on people around the world to create a “Million Acts of Blue” — actions to push retailers, corporations and businesses to reduce single-use plastic. It is going to take commitments both large and small to tackle the scale of the current plastic pollution crisis, and we all have a role to play. Every action to reduce single-use plastics sends a message to the industry that it’s time to change. We can no longer allow products that are used for a few seconds to pollute our planet for a lifetime.

Stemming the Tide: Land-based strategies for a plastic- free ocean

Ocean Conservancy and the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment led a comprehensive effort to analyze where the majority of ocean plastic comes from and how it leaks into the ocean, examine leakage pathways in different regions, and investigate potential plastic waste reduction solutions and the economics of each. This study outlines a path that can generate considerable benefits to communities, preserve the bioproductivity of the ocean, and reduce risks for industry. The drivers of the ocean plastic-reduction agenda should convene and jointly define the architecture of such a global program, the actors who should be involved, and the funds required to drive a flagship initiative that stands for a new, collaborative, and effective way of addressing this global challenge

No Plastic in Nature: Assessing Plastic Ingestion from Nature to People

A new study finds on average people could be ingesting approximately 5 grams of plastic every week, which is the equivalent weight of a credit card. The analysis No Plastic in Nature: Assessing Plastic Ingestion from Nature to People prepared by Dalberg, based on a study commissioned by WWF and carried out by University of Newcastle, Australia, suggests people are consuming about 2000 tiny pieces of plastic every week. That’s approximately 21 grams a month, just over 250 grams a year.

The environmental costs of fast fashion

"Fast fashion focuses on speed and low costs in order to deliver frequent new collections inspired by catwalk looks or celebrity styles. But it is particularly bad for the environment, as pressure to reduce cost and the time it takes to get a product from design to shop floor means that environmental corners are more likely to be cut."

It's not just the oceans: Microplastic pollution is all around us

"While marine plastic pollution has been studied for decades, the extent and effects of plastic pollution elsewhere is only just beginning to be explored. Scientists have found microplastics in our soil, tap water, bottled water, beer and even in the air we breathe.